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|Title:||Health economic implications of perioperative delirium in older patients after surgery for a fragility hip fracture.|
|Authors:||Zywiel, Michael G;Hurley, Richard T;Perruccio, Anthony V;Hancock-Howard, Rebecca L;Coyte, Peter C;Rampersaud, Y Raja|
|Keywords:||Aged;Aged, 80 and over;Case-Control Studies;Costs and Cost Analysis;Delirium;Female;Fractures, Spontaneous;Hip Fractures;Human;Length of Stay;Male;Perioperative Care;Postoperative Complications;Propensity Score;Prospective Studies;economics;psychology;Surgery|
|Abstract:||BACKGROUND: Patients who experience a fragility hip fracture are at high risk for perioperative delirium. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the impact, from a hospital perspective, of perioperative delirium on the length of the hospital stay and episode-of-care costs for elderly patients who underwent surgical treatment of a fragility hip fracture. METHODS: A total of 242 patients sixty-five years of age or older (mean age, eighty-two years; range, sixty-five to 103 years) who underwent surgical treatment of a fragility hip fracture at a single center between January 2011 and December 2012 were evaluated. Demographic, clinical, surgical, and adverse-events data were extracted and analyzed. The confusion assessment method (CAM) was used prospectively to detect perioperative delirium. RESULTS: One hundred and sixteen (48%) of the 242 patients developed perioperative delirium during their stay in the hospital. Compared with patients with no delirium, delirium was associated with a mean incremental total length of hospital stay of 7.4 days (95% confidence interval [CI] = 3.7 to 11.2 days; p < 0.001), a mean incremental length of stay following surgery of 7.4 days (95% CI = 3.8 to 11.1 days; p < 0.001), and a mean incremental episode-of-care cost (in 2012 Canadian dollars) of $8286 (95% CI = $3690 to $12,881; p < 0.001). The total incremental episode-of-care cost attributable to delirium over the study period was $961,131 in 2012 Canadian dollars. CONCLUSIONS: Nearly 50% of elderly patients who underwent surgery for a fragility hip fracture developed perioperative delirium, which was associated with a significant incremental in-hospital length of stay and significant incremental episode-of-care costs. These findings highlight the importance of implementing cost-effective interventions to reduce the prevalence of perioperative delirium in elderly patients with a low-energy hip fracture.|
|More Information:||Volume : 97Issue : 10Start page : 829|
END PAGES : 836
|Appears in Collections:||Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (American Volume)|
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