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|Title:||MRI information for commonly used otologic implants: review and update|
|Authors:||Azadarmaki, R;Tubbs, R;Chen, D a;Shellock, F G|
|Keywords:||Auditory Brain Stem Implants;Cochlear Implantation;Cochlear Implants;Ear, Middle;Female;Hearing Loss;Human;Magnetic Resonance Imaging;Male;Ossicular Prosthesis;Practice Guidelines as Topic;Prostheses and Implants;Prosthesis Implantation;Risk Assessment;Safety Management;United States;United States Food and Drug Administration|
|Abstract:||To review information on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) issues for commonly used otologic implants.|Manufacturing companies, National Library of Medicine's online database, and an additional online database (www.MRIsafety.com).|A literature review of the National Library of Medicine's online database with focus on MRI issues for otologic implants was performed. The MRI information on implants provided by manufacturers was reviewed.|Baha and Ponto Pro osseointegrated implants' abutment and fixture and the implanted magnet of the Sophono Alpha 1 and 2 abutment-free systems are approved for 3-Tesla magnetic resonance (MR) systems. The external processors of these devices are MR Unsafe. Of the implants tested, middle ear ossicular prostheses, including stapes prostheses, except for the 1987 McGee prosthesis, are MR Conditional for 1.5-Tesla (and many are approved for 3-Tesla) MR systems. Cochlear implants with removable magnets are approved for patients undergoing MRI at 1.5 Tesla after magnet removal. The MED-EL PULSAR, SONATA, CONCERT, and CONCERT PIN cochlear implants can be used in patients undergoing MRI at 1.5 Tesla with application of a protective bandage. The MED-EL COMBI 40+ can be used in 0.2-Tesla MR systems. Implants made from nonmagnetic and nonconducting materials are MR Safe.|Knowledge of MRI guidelines for commonly used otologic implants is important. Guidelines on MRI issues approved by the US Food and Drug Administration are not always the same compared with other parts of the world.|This monograph provides a current reference for physicians on MRI issues for commonly used otologic implants.|
|More Information:||Volume : 150Start page : 512|
END PAGES : 519
|Appears in Collections:||Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery|
Files in This Item:
|2014 OHNS Volume 150 Issue 4 April (1).pdf||172.24 kB||Adobe PDF|
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