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|Title:||Errors in otolaryngology revisited.|
|Authors:||Shah, Rahul K;Boss, Emily F;Brereton, Jean;Roberson, David W|
|Keywords:||Adult;Diagnostic Errors;Diagnostic Errors: statistics & numerical data;Female;Human;Male;Medical Errors;Medical Errors: statistics & numerical data;Medication Errors;Medication Errors: statistics & numerical data;Otolaryngology;Otolaryngology: statistics & numerical data;Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures;Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures: statisti;Quality Improvement;Questionnaires;United States|
|Abstract:||OBJECTIVE: A decade ago, a survey study identified areas of risk and proposed a classification schema for otolaryngology errors. The objective of the present study is to obtain current data for comparison using a similar methodology. STUDY DESIGN: Survey study. SETTING: An anonymous online survey was distributed via the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) weekly email. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Members of the AAO-HNS were asked to describe any event in their practice that they felt should not have happened. Events were classified using the prior schema with minor modifications. RESULTS: Of 681 respondents, 445 (66%) reported an event within the past 6 months, from which 222 reports were extracted. The mean age of the affected patients was 41 ± 24 years. An adverse consequence occurred in more than half of events, with corrective action taken in 82.8%. Of the respondents, 68% subsequently changed their practice patterns. The domains with the most reported errors were technical (27.9% of all events, 71% with major morbidity), administrative (12.2%, 3.7%), diagnostic testing (10.8%, 8.3%), and surgical planning (9.9%, 45.5%). There were 8 wrong-site surgeries, 23 cranial nerve injuries (91.3% major morbidity), and 9 errors during endoscopic sinus surgery (55.6% major morbidity). There were 4 deaths. CONCLUSION: There has been disappointingly little overall change. Otolaryngologists remain vulnerable to errors and related adverse events. The domains with the greatest risk for error-related major morbidity have changed little and include errors in technical, administrative, diagnostic testing, surgical planning, and surgical equipment. Awareness of high-risk areas may help to focus preventive efforts in these domains.|
|ISSN:||1097-6817 (Electronic)\r0194-5998 (Linking)|
|More Information:||Volume : 150Issue : 5Start page : 779|
END PAGES : 84
|Appears in Collections:||Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery|
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|2014 OHNS Volume 150 Issue 5 May (29).pdf||313.53 kB||Adobe PDF|
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