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|Title:||X-LINKED JUVENILE RETINOSCHISIS IN A CONSANGUINEOUS FAMILY: Phenotypic Variability and Report of a Homozygous Female Patient.|
|Authors:||Gliem, Martin;Holz, Frank G;Stöhr, Heidi;Weber, Bernhard H F;Charbel Issa, Peter|
|Abstract:||PURPOSE: To describe the phenotypic variability in a consanguineous family with genetically confirmed X-linked retinoschisis.\n\nMETHODS: Five patients, including one homozygous female, were characterized by clinical examination, optical coherence tomography, fundus autofluorescence, mapping of macular pigment optical density, electroretinography, and DNA testing.\n\nRESULTS: The 36-year-old male index patient showed a ring of enhanced autofluorescence and outer retinal atrophy on optical coherence tomography. Electroretinography testing revealed a reduced a/b ratio. His mother presented with a central atrophic retina with markedly reduced autofluorescence signal and a surrounding ring of enhanced autofluorescence. The 40-year-old brother of the index patient and his 2 sons showed characteristic signs for X-linked retinoschisis, including retinal schisis and a reduced a/b ratio. Genetic testing revealed a c.293C>A mutation in the RS1 gene in all affected family members while the mother of the index patient was homozygous for this mutation.\n\nCONCLUSION: X-linked retinoschisis can present with a wide phenotypic variability. Here, detailed family history and genetic testing established the diagnosis of X-linked retinoschisis despite striking differences in phenotypic presentation in affected subjects, homozygosity of one affected female, and seemingly dominant inheritance in three subsequent generations because of multiple consanguinity.|
|More Information:||Volume : 34Issue : 12Start page : 2472|
END PAGES : 8
|Appears in Collections:||Journal of Retinal & Vitreous Diseases (Retina)|
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