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|Title:||Modeling the cost-effectiveness of infant vaccination with pneumococcal conjugate vaccines in Germany|
|Authors:||Kuhlmann, Alexander;von der Schulenburg, J. Matthias Graf|
|Keywords:||Cost-effectiveness;Costs;Economic evaluation;Herd protection;Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine;Vaccination;10.1007/s10198-016-0770-9|
|Publisher:||Springer Berlin Heidelberg|
|Abstract:||BACKGROUND: In 2009, the European Medicines Agency granted approval for two higher-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccines. This study aims to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of universal infant (<2 years old) vaccination with a 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) in comparison with a 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV10) for the prevention of pneumococcal disease in Germany.\n\nMETHODS: A population-based Markov model was developed to estimate the impact of PCV13 and PCV10 on invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD), non-invasive pneumonia (PNE), and acute otitis media (AOM) over a time horizon of 50 years. The model included the effects of the historical vaccination scheme in infants as well as indirect herd effects and replacement disease. We used German epidemiological data to calculate episodes of IPD, PNE, and AOM, as well as direct and indirect effects of the vaccination. Parameter uncertainty was tested in univariate and probabilistic sensitivity analyses.\n\nRESULTS: In the base-case analysis, the ICER of PCV13 versus PCV10 infant vaccination was EUR 9826 per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) gained or EUR 5490 per life-year (LY) gained from the societal perspective and EUR 3368 per QALY gained or EUR 1882 per LY gained from the perspective of the German statutory health insurance. The results were particularly sensitive to the magnitude of indirect effects of both vaccines.\n\nCONCLUSIONS: Universal infant vaccination with PCV13 is likely to be a cost-effective intervention compared with PCV10 within the German health care system, if additional net indirect effects of PCV13 vaccination are significant.|
|More Information:||VOLUME : 18 ISSUE : 3 START PAGE : 273 END PAGES : 292|
|Appears in Collections:||European Journal of Health Economics|
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|2018 EJHE Volume 19 Issue 3 March (13).pdf||1.38 MB||Adobe PDF|
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