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|Title:||Ventricular assist device implantation improves skeletal muscle function, oxidative capacity, and growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor-1 axis signaling in patients with advanced heart failure|
|Keywords:||Skeletal muscle;Heart failure;Cardiovascular surgery;Metabolism;Growth factors|
|Publisher:||Springer Berlin Heidelberg|
|Description:||Background: Skeletal muscle dysfunction in patients with heart failure (HF) has been linked to impaired growth hormone (GH)/insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 signaling. We hypothesized that ventricular assist device (VAD) implantation reverses GH/IGF-1 axis dysfunction and improves muscle metabolism in HF. Methods: Blood and rectus abdominis muscle samples were collected during VAD implantation and explantation from patients with HF and controls. Clinical data were obtained from medical records, biomarkers measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and gene expression analyzed by reverse transcription and real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Grip strength was assessed by dynamometry. Oxidative capacity was measured using oleate oxidation rates. Muscle fiber type and size were assessed by histology. Results: Elevated GH (0.27 ± 0.27 versus 3.6 ± 7.7 ng/ml in HF; p = 0.0002) and lower IGF-1 and insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP)-3 were found in HF (IGF-1, 144 ± 41 versus 74 ± 45 ng/ml in HF, p < 0.05; and IGFBP-3, 3,880 ± 934 versus 1,935 ± 862 ng/ml in HF, p = 0.05). The GH/IGF-1 ratio, a marker of GH resistance, was elevated in HF (0.002 ± 0.002 versus 0.048 ± 0.1 pre-VAD; p < 0.0039). After VAD support, skeletal muscle expression of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 increased (10-fold and 5-fold, respectively; p < 0.05) accompanied by enhanced oxidative gene expression (CD36, CPT1, and PGC1α) and increased oxidation rates (+1.37-fold; p < 0.05). Further, VAD implantation increased the oxidative muscle fiber proportion (38 versus 54 %, p = 0.031), fiber cross-sectional area (CSA) (1,005 ± 668 versus 1,240 ± 670 μm2, p < 0.001), and Akt phosphorylation state in skeletal muscle. Finally, hand grip strength increased 26.5 ± 27.5 % at 180 days on-VAD (p < 0.05 versus baseline). Conclusion: Our data demonstrate that VAD implantation corrects GH/IGF-1 signaling, improves muscle structure and function, and enhances oxidative muscle metabolism in patients with advanced HF.|
|Other Identifiers:||Khawaja, T., A. Chokshi, R. Ji, T. S. Kato, K. Xu, C. Zizola, C. Wu, et al. 2014. “Ventricular assist device implantation improves skeletal muscle function, oxidative capacity, and growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor-1 axis signaling in patients with advanced heart failure.” Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle 5 (4): 297-305. doi:10.1007/s13539-014-0155-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13539-014-0155-9.|
|Appears in Collections:||Harvard Medical School|
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